Abu Ishaq as-Sabi’i dan Tahrif Al-Quran

tahrif

MUSLIMMENJAWAB.COM – Tahrif Al-Quran merupakan salah satu kasus yang menjadi topik perbincangan para ulama Islam. Hal ini berangkat dari berbagai berita mengenai Al-Quran yang sampai kepada mereka dari para pendahulu termasuk para tabi’in dan sahabat.

Salah satunya adalah sosok Abu Ishaq as-Sabi’i, bernama lengkap Abu Ishaq Amru bin Abdullah as-Sabi’i al-Kufi. Ia terlahir pada tahun 34 atau 35 H dikenal sebagai seorang yang saleh ahli ibadah juga ahli hadis di kota Kufah. Abu Ishaq meninggal pada tahun 128 H.

Read More

Ia adalah seorang tsiqah dan termasuk ke dalam golongan tabi’in yang mana pernah belajar langsung kepada beberapa sahabat. Dan inilah deretan nama-nama guru-gurunya dari kalangan Sahabat Nabi SAW yang sebagian dari mereka  memiliki riwayat yang banyak dari beliau: Mu’awiyah bin Abi Sufyan, Adi bin Hatim, Ibnu ‘Abbas, al-Bara bin Azib, Zaid bin Arqam, ‘Abdullah bin Amr bin al-Ash, Abu Juhaifah as-Suwa`i , Sulaiman bin Shurd, ‘Umarah bin Ruwaibah ats-Tsaqafi, Abdullah bin Yazid al-Anshari, Amr bin Harits al-Khuza’i, Usamah bin Zaid RA dan lain-lain.[1]

Dalam kaitan dengan persoalan tahrif Al-Quran, Abu Ishaq menyebut dua surat dalam sebuah riwayat, yang mana surat tersebut tidak terdapat dan ditemukan dalam naskah Al-Quran yang ada saat ini. Hal ini menunjukkan adanya pengurangan dalam Al-Quran.

Riwayatnya adalah sebagai berikut :

حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِسْحَاقَ بْنِ رَاهَوَیْهِ، ثنا أَبِی، ثنا عِیسَى بْنُ یُونُسَ، حَدَّثَنِی أَبِی، عَنْ جَدِّی، قَالَ: أَمَّنَا أُمَیَّة بْنُ عَبْدِ اللهِ بْنِ خَالِدِ بْنِ أُسَیْدٍ بِخُرَاسَانَ فَقَرَأَ بِهَاتَیْنِ السُّورَتَیْنِ إِنَّا نَسْتَعِینُکَ وَنَسْتَغْفِرُکَ

“Telah bercerita pada kami Muhammad bin Ishaq bin Rahawaih, telah bercerita pada kami ayahku, telah bercerita pada kami Isa bin Yunus, telah bercerita pada kami ayahku, dari kakekku (Abu Ishaq), ia berkata: ‘Telah mengimami kami Umayyah bin Abdullah bin Khalid bin Usaid di Khurasan (salah satu wilayah persia), ia membaca dua surat ini: Inna nastai’inuka wa nastaghfiruka.’”

(al-Mu’jam al-Kabir, jil: 1, hal: 292-293, Maktabah Ibnu Taimiyah, Kairo)

Begitu pula riwayat ini dinukil oleh Jalaluddin as-Suyuthi dalam kitabnya Al-Itqan Fi Ulumil Quran:

وأخرج الطبراني بسند صحيح، عن أبي إسحاق، قَالَ: أَمَّنَا أُمَیَّة بْنُ عَبْدِ اللهِ بْنِ خَالِدِ بْنِ أُسَیْدٍ بِخُرَاسَانَ فَقَرَأَ بِهَاتَیْنِ السُّورَتَیْنِ إِنَّا نَسْتَعِینُکَ وَنَسْتَغْفِرُکَ

“Dan at-Thabrani telah mengeluarkan dengan sanad yang sahih dari Abu Ishaq, ia berkata: ‘Telah mengimami kami Umayyah bin Abdullah bin Khalid bin Usaid di Khurasan (salah satu wilayah persia), ia membaca dua surat ini: Inna nastaiinuka wa nastaghfiruka.’”

(Al-Itqan Fi Ulumil Quran, jil: 1, hal 185)

Hal yang sama dilakukan oleh Nuruddin al-Haitsami, ia menukil riwayat dari Abu Ishaq:

وعن أبي إسحاق قال: أَمَّنَا أُمَیَّة بْنُ عَبْدِ اللهِ بْنِ خَالِدِ بْنِ أُسَیْدٍ بِخُرَاسَانَ فَقَرَأَ بِهَاتَیْنِ السُّورَتَیْنِ إِنَّا نَسْتَعِینُکَ وَنَسْتَغْفِرُکَ قال: فذكر الحديث. رواه الطبراني ورجاله رجال الصحيح

“Dari Abu Ishaq, ia berkata: ‘Telah mengimami kami Umayyah bin Abdullah bin Khalid bin Usaid di Khurasan (salah satu wilayah persia), ia membaca dua surat ini: Inna nastai’inuka wa nastaghfiruka.’” Telah meriwayatkannya at-Thabrani dan para periwayatnya (Rijaluhu) adalah para periwayat sahih.

(Majma az-Zawaid wa Man’u al-Fawaid, jil: 7, hal: 326, Dar al-Fikr, Beirut)

Berdasarkan beberapa keterangan di atas dapat kita lihat sendiri bahwa Abu Ishaq menyebut bagian itu dengan dua surat, ia tidak menyebutnya sebagai doa ataupun dzikir, yang mana hal ini dengan jelas menggambarkan bahwa ia meyakini itu merupakan bagian dari Al-Quran. Namun kenyataannya bagian tersebut tidak terdapat dalam Al-Quran yang ada di hadapan kita saat ini.

Dengan hal ini dapat kita simpulkan bahwa persoalan tahrif bukanlah persoalan yang hanya ada pada madzhab Syiah secara khusus namun hal ini juga banyak ditemukan dalam sumber-sumber riwayat yang ada dalam madzhab Ahlu Sunnah terlepas dari diterima atau tidaknya hal tersebut.

Yang penting untuk disadari adalah sejauh mana kita memiliki kedewasaan dalam menyikapi segala bentuk syubhat atau ketidakjelasan terkait masalah agama, bukan dengan fanatik dan gampang mengkafirkan. Wallahu A’lam Bishawab.


[1] Siyar A’lam an-Nubala, jil: 5, hal: 394.

Related posts

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

54 comments

  1. My developer is trying to convince me to move to .net from PHP. I have always disliked the idea because of the expenses. But he’s tryiong none the less. I’ve been using Movable-type on numerous websites for about a year and am concerned about switching to another platform. I have heard excellent things about blogengine.net. Is there a way I can transfer all my wordpress posts into it? Any kind of help would be really appreciated!

  2. It’s the best time to make some plans for the longer term and it’s time to be happy. I’ve read this put up and if I could I wish to suggest you some attention-grabbing issues or suggestions. Perhaps you can write next articles regarding this article. I desire to read even more issues about it!

  3. I’m now not sure where you are getting your info, however good topic. I needs to spend a while learning more or understanding more. Thank you for great information I used to be looking for this information for my mission.

  4. Howdy! I could have sworn I’ve been to this blog before but after reading through some of the post I realized it’s new to me. Anyways, I’m definitely happy I found it and I’ll be bookmarking and checking back often!

  5. Hi! This is kind of off topic but I need some advice from an established blog. Is it very difficult to set up your own blog? I’m not very techincal but I can figure things out pretty fast. I’m thinking about creating my own but I’m not sure where to start. Do you have any points or suggestions? With thanks

  6. There are definitely a whole lot of particulars like that to take into consideration. That may be a nice point to carry up. I provide the ideas above as basic inspiration however clearly there are questions like the one you bring up where a very powerful thing will probably be working in sincere good faith. I don?t know if finest practices have emerged round things like that, however I’m certain that your job is clearly recognized as a good game. Each boys and girls really feel the influence of just a moment’s pleasure, for the remainder of their lives.

  7. I’ve read a few good stuff here. Certainly worth bookmarking for revisiting. I wonder how much effort you put to make such a fantastic informative website.

  8. Great V I should certainly pronounce, impressed with your site. I had no trouble navigating through all the tabs as well as related information ended up being truly easy to do to access. I recently found what I hoped for before you know it at all. Quite unusual. Is likely to appreciate it for those who add forums or anything, site theme . a tones way for your customer to communicate. Excellent task..

  9. Hi are using WordPress for your site platform?
    I’m new to the blog world but I’m trying to get started and set up my
    own. Do you require any html coding knowledge to make your own blog?
    Any help would be really appreciated!

  10. We’re a bunch of volunteers and opening
    a new scheme in our community. Your website provided us
    with helpful information to work on. You’ve performed an impressive
    activity and our whole community will probably be grateful to you.

  11. Thanks designed for sharing such a pleasant thought, post
    is good, thats why i have read it completely

  12. First off I want to say wonderful blog! I had a quick question which I’d like to ask if you do not mind.
    I was curious to find out how you center yourself and clear your mind before
    writing. I have had a hard time clearing my mind in getting my ideas out.
    I do take pleasure in writing but it just seems like the first
    10 to 15 minutes are generally lost simply just trying to figure
    out how to begin. Any recommendations or hints?
    Appreciate it!

  13. Hi i am kavin, its my first time to commenting anyplace, when i read this post i thought i could also
    create comment due to this brilliant paragraph.

  14. Greetings from California! I’m bored to death at work so I
    decided to check out your blog on my iphone during
    lunch break. I love the knowledge you provide here and can’t wait to take
    a look when I get home. I’m amazed at how fast your blog
    loaded on my cell phone .. I’m not even using WIFI, just 3G ..

    Anyways, good site!

  15. You should be a part of a contest for one of the most useful sites
    on the web. I most certainly will recommend this web site!

  16. Thanks for finally talking about > Abu Ishaq as-Sabi’i dan Tahrif
    Al-Quran – Muslim Menjawab < Loved it!

  17. I always emailed this webpage post page to all my contacts, as
    if like to read it next my links will too.

  18. Attractive section of content. I just stumbled upon your weblog and in accession capital to assert
    that I acquire actually enjoyed account your blog posts.
    Any way I will be subscribing to your feeds and even I achievement you access consistently fast.

  19. I blog quite often and I seriously thank you for your content.
    Your article has really peaked my interest. I’m going to take a note of your website and keep checking for new information about once per week.

    I subscribed to your Feed as well.

  20. Very shortly this site will be famous among all blog viewers, due to it’s pleasant articles

  21. Attractive part of content. I simply stumbled upon your weblog and in accession capital to assert that I get in fact enjoyed
    account your weblog posts. Anyway I will be subscribing in your feeds and even I achievement you get
    entry to constantly fast.

  22. Spot on with this write-up, I seriously believe this amazing site
    needs a great deal more attention. I’ll probably be returning to see more, thanks for the info!

  23. We stumbled over here by a different web page and thought I might
    check things out. I like what I see so now i am following you.
    Look forward to exploring your web page repeatedly.

  24. Great blog! Do you have any recommendations for aspiring writers?
    I’m planning to start my own website soon but I’m a little
    lost on everything. Would you advise starting with a free
    platform like WordPress or go for a paid option? There are so many choices
    out there that I’m completely confused .. Any suggestions?
    Thank you!

  25. Excellent post. I used to be checking continuously this
    weblog and I’m impressed! Extremely helpful info specifically the ultimate section 🙂 I take care of such info much.
    I was looking for this certain info for a long time.

    Thanks and best of luck.

  26. Wow that was odd. I just wrote an very long comment but after I clicked submit my comment didn’t appear.
    Grrrr… well I’m not writing all that over again. Anyhow,
    just wanted to say excellent blog!

  27. Hello There. I discovered your weblog the usage of msn. This is an extremely well written article.
    I will make sure to bookmark it and come back to learn more of your helpful information. Thank
    you for the post. I will certainly return.

  28. Incredible! This blog looks exactly like my old one! It’s on a totally different topic but it has pretty much the same layout and design. Wonderful choice of colors!

  29. It’s actually a great and useful piece of info.
    I am satisfied that you shared this helpful information with us.
    Please keep us up to date like this. Thank you for sharing.

  30. Hello, you used to write wonderful, but the last few posts have been kinda boringK I miss your super writings. Past several posts are just a little out of track! come on!

  31. I’m very happy to uncover this website. I wanted to thank you for your time due to this fantastic read!!
    I definitely appreciated every part of it and I have you
    saved as a favorite to check out new stuff on your site.

  32. Hi, I do believe this is an excellent website. I stumbledupon it 😉 I will return once again since I book-marked it. Money and freedom is the best way to change, may you be rich and continue to help other people.

  33. Hello there, just became alert to your blog through Google, and found that it’s really informative.
    I am gonna watch out for brussels. I will appreciate if you continue this in future.
    Many people will be benefited from your writing.
    Cheers!

  34. obviously like your website but you have to take a look at the spelling on quite a few of your posts.
    Several of them are rife with spelling issues and I find it very troublesome to tell the reality however I’ll surely come back again.

  35. Very nice post. I just stumbled upon your blog and wished to say that I’ve
    really enjoyed surfing around your blog posts. After all I’ll be subscribing to your feed and I hope you write again very soon!

  36. Hi there! This is my first visit to your blog! We are a collection of
    volunteers and starting a new project in a community in the same niche.
    Your blog provided us valuable information to work on. You have done a outstanding
    job!

  37. Hey! Quick question that’s completely off topic. Do you know how to make your site mobile
    friendly? My website looks weird when browsing from my iphone.

    I’m trying to find a theme or plugin that might
    be able to correct this issue. If you have any recommendations, please
    share. Cheers!

  38. Hello There. I discovered your weblog using msn. That is an extremely neatly written article.

    I will be sure to bookmark it and come back to learn extra
    of your helpful information. Thank you for the post.
    I’ll definitely comeback.

  39. It’s really a great and useful piece of info. I am glad that you shared this useful information with us. Please keep us up to date like this. Thank you for sharing.