Ibnu Al-Jauzi dan Tahrif Al-Quran

ibnu al-jauzi

MUSLIMMENJAWAB.COM – Di antara para ulama lainnya  yang memberikan kesaksian akan adanya perbedaan terkait surat-surat Al-Quran adalah Ibnu Al-Jauzi. Ia menukil dari Abu Al-Husein Al-Munadi yang menyatakan keyakinan Ibnu Mas’ud dan Ubai bin Ka’ab dalam masalah tersebut.

Ibnu Al-jauzi sendiri merupakan seorang ulama besar bermadzhab Hambali yang ahli dalam berbagai bidang keilmuan Islam. Ia lahir pada tahun 508 H di kota Baghdad, Irak serta menurut sebagian sumber disebutkan bahwa ia memiliki nasab yang sampai pada khalifah pertama.

Read More

Dalam kitabnya yang berjudul Funun Al-Afnan fi ‘Uyun ‘Ulum Al-Qur’an, ia menukil pernyataan Al-Munadi terkait jumlah surat pada Al-Quran:

فقال أبو الحسين بن المنادي: جميع سور القرآن؛ في تأليف زيد بن ثابت على عهد الصديق وذي النورين؛ مائة وأربع عشرة سورة، فيهن الفاتحة و التوبة والمعوذتان، و ذلك (هو الذي في أيدي) أهل قبلتنا

و جملة سوره على ما ذكر عن أبي بن كعب رضي الله عنه مائة وست عشرة سورة. وكان ابن مسعود رضي الله عنه يسقط المعوذتين، فنقصت جملته سورتين عن جملة زيد.وکان أُبی بن کعب یُلحقهما ویزید إلیهما سورتین، وهما الحَفدة والخَلع

إحداهما،: (اللهم إِنا نستعینک ونستغفرک … )، وهی سورة الخلع. والْأُخرى: (اللهم إیاک نعبد … ) ، وهی سورة الحفد

فزادت جملته على جملة زید سورتین، وعلى جملة ابن مسعود أربع سور. وکل أدى ما سمع، ومصحفنا أولى بنا أن نتبع

“Abu Al-Husein bin Al-Munadi berkata: ‘Semua surat-surat Al-Quran dalam penyusunan Zaid bin Tsabit pada masa As-Shiddiq wa Dzi An-Nurain (Khalifah pertama) berjumlah 114 surat. Di dalamnya termasuk Al-Fatihah, At-Taubah dan Al-Muawwidzatain (Al-Falaq dan An-Nas). Dan itu adalah (yang ada di tanganku) yang menjadi kiblat kita.

Adapun jumlah surat-suratnya (Al-Quran) berdasarkan apa yang disebutkan Ubai bin Ka’ab RA, 116 surat. Sementara Ibnu Mas’ud menggugurkan Al-Muawwidzatain maka jumlahnya berkurang dua surat dari jumlah (yang disebutkan) Zaid (114-2 = 112 surat). Adapun Ubai bin Ka’ab memasukan keduanya (Al-Falaq dan An-Nas) dan menambahkan dua surat lainnya yaitu Al-Hafd dan Al-Khal’a.

Salah satunya: (اللهم إِنا نستعینک ونستغفرک … ) ia adalah surat Al-Khal’a. Dan yang lainnya: (اللهم إیاک نعبد … ) dan ia merupakan surat Al-Hafd.

Maka bertambah jumlahnya (berdasarkan Ubai bin Ka’ab) dua surat pada jumlah (yang disebutkan) Zaid dan empat surat pada jumlah (yang disebutkan) Ibnu Mas’ud. Dan semua itu berdasarkan apa didengar olehnya (Abu Al-Husein bin Al-Munadi), namun mushaf kita lebih utama bagi kita untuk mengikutinya.’”[1]

Berdasarkan penjelasan di atas jelas terlihat adanya perbedaan jumlah surat-surat Al-Quran yang ada di tangan para sahabat, sebagaimana yang telah dinukil dari Abu Al-Husein bin Al-Munadi. Ibnu Al-Munadi sendiri disebut sebagai seorang Imam yang masyhur, hafiz (penghafal), tsiqah, mutqan, peneliti dan Dhabith.

Meskipun yang menjadi pilihan jumhur adalah Al-Quran yang berada di hadapan kita saat ini, namun hal itu tidak menafikan adanya pandangan lain dari beberapa sahabat terkait surat-surat Al-Quran. Hal ini tentunya akan menjadi pertanyaan besar perihal apakah perbedaan tersebut melazimkan tahrif terhadap Al-Quran ataukah tidak. Jika itu merupakan tahrif, dapatkah kita menisbatkan tahrif pada sahabat atau bisakah itu kita terima sebab sumbernya berasal dari sahabat.

Begitulah sebagian riwayat yang dapat kita temukan dalam sumber-sumber riwayat Ahlu Sunnah sebagaimana hal seperti ini (riwayat yang mengindikasikan tahrif Al-Quran) juga dapat kita temukan dalam sumber-sumber riwayat Syiah. Meskipun persoalan tahrif Al-Quran ini selalunya condong menyoroti madzhab Syiah.


[1] Funun Al-Afnan fi ‘Uyun ‘Ulum Al-Qur’an, hal: 233-236, Dar Al-Basya’ir Al-Islamiyah.

Related posts

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

45 comments

  1. Wow, marvelous blog structure! How lengthy have you been running a blog for?
    you make blogging look easy. The total glance of your site
    is wonderful, as well as the content! You can see similar here dobry sklep

  2. Hey! Do you know if they make any plugins to
    assist with SEO? I’m trying to get my blog to rank for
    some targeted keywords but I’m not seeing very good success.
    If you know of any please share. Kudos! You can read
    similar article here: List of Backlinks

  3. I was recommended this blog by my cousin. I am not sure whether this post is written by him as no one else know such detailed about my difficulty. You are wonderful! Thanks!

  4. I have been surfing online more than three hours today, yet I never found any interesting article like yours. It’s pretty worth enough for me. Personally, if all website owners and bloggers made good content as you did, the net will be much more useful than ever before.

  5. Great web site. A lot of helpful info here. I am sending it to several buddies ans additionally sharing in delicious.

    And certainly, thanks in your sweat!

  6. Right here is the perfect website for everyone who would like to
    find out about this topic. You know so much its almost
    hard to argue with you (not that I really will need to…HaHa).

    You definitely put a fresh spin on a topic which has been written about for a long time.
    Great stuff, just excellent!

  7. My coder is trying to convince me to move to .net from PHP.

    I have always disliked the idea because of the
    costs. But he’s tryiong none the less. I’ve been using Movable-type on a variety of
    websites for about a year and am nervous about switching to another platform.
    I have heard fantastic things about blogengine.net.
    Is there a way I can import all my wordpress content
    into it? Any help would be really appreciated!

  8. You’re so interesting! I do not believe I’ve read through
    anything like this before. So good to find another person with some unique thoughts
    on this subject matter. Really.. many thanks for starting this up.
    This website is one thing that is needed on the web, someone
    with a little originality!

  9. Hi there Dear, are you really visiting this web site on a regular basis, if so afterward
    you will absolutely take fastidious experience.

  10. This blog was… how do I say it? Relevant!! Finally I have found something
    that helped me. Thanks!

  11. Thank you a lot for sharing this with all of us you really understand what you’re speaking about!
    Bookmarked. Please also consult with my web site =). We
    can have a hyperlink exchange arrangement between us

  12. It’s the best time to make some plans for the longer term and it is time to be
    happy. I have read this submit and if I could I desire to suggest you some fascinating issues or suggestions.
    Maybe you could write next articles referring to this article.
    I desire to read more issues approximately it!

  13. I have read some good stuff here. Definitely worth bookmarking for revisiting.
    I surprise how a lot attempt you set to create this
    sort of magnificent informative website.

  14. Hello! I’ve been following your website for a long time now and
    finally got the bravery to go ahead and give you a
    shout out from Humble Texas! Just wanted to mention keep up the good job!

  15. Oh my goodness! Impressive article dude! Thank you, However I am going through
    issues with your RSS. I don’t know why I cannot subscribe to it.
    Is there anybody else having the same RSS problems? Anyone that knows the answer can you kindly respond?

    Thanks!!

  16. I pay a visit everyday some web sites and blogs to read content, but this web site provides feature based posts.

  17. I like the valuable information you provide to your articles.
    I’ll bookmark your weblog and take a look at again right here regularly.
    I am somewhat certain I’ll be informed many new stuff right here!
    Best of luck for the following!

  18. It’s a pity you don’t have a donate button! I’d without a doubt donate to this excellent blog!

    I suppose for now i’ll settle for book-marking and adding your RSS feed to my Google account.
    I look forward to brand new updates and will share this blog with my Facebook group.
    Chat soon!

  19. I relish, lead to I found just what I was having a look for.
    You have ended my four day lengthy hunt! God Bless you man. Have
    a great day. Bye

  20. It is not my first time to go to see this website, i am visiting this site dailly and obtain fastidious facts from here everyday.

  21. I’m very happy to uncover this website. I wanted to thank you for ones time due to
    this fantastic read!! I definitely really liked every
    little bit of it and i also have you book-marked to look
    at new stuff in your website.

  22. I truly love your website.. Excellent colors & theme.
    Did you make this site yourself? Please reply back as I’m looking to create
    my very own blog and would like to find out where you got this from or what the theme is called.
    Thanks!

  23. Have you ever considered about including a little bit more
    than just your articles? I mean, what you say is fundamental and everything.

    However think of if you added some great photos or
    videos to give your posts more, “pop”! Your content is excellent but with images and video clips, this site could definitely be one of the
    best in its niche. Wonderful blog!

  24. Undeniably believe that which you said. Your favorite reason seemed to be on the
    web the simplest thing to be aware of. I say to
    you, I definitely get irked while people consider worries
    that they plainly don’t know about. You managed to hit the nail upon the top and also
    defined out the whole thing without having side-effects , people
    can take a signal. Will probably be back to get more. Thanks

  25. Whats up very nice website!! Man .. Beautiful ..
    Amazing .. I will bookmark your blog and take the feeds also?
    I’m happy to search out so many helpful information here within the post, we need
    work out more techniques on this regard, thank you for sharing.
    . . . . .

  26. Thanks for sharing your info. I really appreciate
    your efforts and I will be waiting for your next post thanks once again.

  27. Heya i’m for the first time here. I found this board and I find It
    truly useful & it helped me out much. I hope to offer something again and help others like you helped me.

  28. Very good blog! Do you have any recommendations for aspiring writers?
    I’m hoping to start my own blog soon but I’m a little lost on everything.
    Would you recommend starting with a free platform like WordPress or go for a
    paid option? There are so many choices out there that I’m totally confused ..

    Any ideas? Many thanks!

  29. Greetings from Ohio! I’m bored at work so I decided to check out your site on my iphone during lunch break.
    I enjoy the information you provide here and can’t wait to take a look when I get home.
    I’m amazed at how quick your blog loaded on my cell phone ..
    I’m not even using WIFI, just 3G .. Anyhow, great site!

  30. Woah! I’m really digging the template/theme of this blog. It’s
    simple, yet effective. A lot of times it’s very difficult to get that “perfect balance” between user friendliness
    and appearance. I must say you have done a great job with this.
    Additionally, the blog loads extremely quick
    for me on Firefox. Outstanding Blog!

  31. Marvelous, what a weblog it is! This website provides useful information to us, keep it up.

  32. Hiya! I know this is kinda off topic nevertheless I’d figured I’d ask.

    Would you be interested in trading links or maybe guest writing a blog post or
    vice-versa? My site addresses a lot of the same subjects
    as yours and I think we could greatly benefit from each other.
    If you are interested feel free to shoot me
    an email. I look forward to hearing from you!
    Fantastic blog by the way!

  33. One of the leading academic and scientific-research centers of the Belarus. There are 12 Faculties at the University, 2 scientific and research institutes. Higher education in 35 specialities of the 1st degree of education and 22 specialities.

  34. Way cool! Some extremely valid points! I appreciate you writing this write-up
    plus the rest of the site is also really good.

  35. I simply could not depart your site before suggesting that I extremely
    loved the standard information an individual provide to your visitors?
    Is going to be back frequently to inspect new posts

  36. You really make it appear really easy along with your presentation however I to find this
    topic to be actually something which I feel I might never understand.
    It kind of feels too complicated and extremely
    large for me. I am having a look forward for your next put up,
    I’ll try to get the cling of it!