Kitab Raudhat al-Muttaqin, Kifayat al-Atsar Serta Man La Yahduruh al-Faqih dan Riwayat Tentang Garis Keturunan Imam Mahdi As

MUSLIMMENJAWAB.COM – Telah disebutkan banyak riwayat dan hadits seputar Imam Mahdi As. Namun sejauh ini, riwayat yang dipaparkan masih berkutat pada literatur Ahlussunnah, untuk itu pada beberapa tulisan kedepan akan dimuat berbagai riwayat tentang Imam Mahdi As dari sumber mazhab Syiah.

Pemaparan hadits-hadits ini bertujuan menepis anggapan segelintir orang atau kelompok yang berkeyakinan bahwa hadits tentang Imam Mahdi hanya sedikit dan kedudukannya juga tidak sampai pada tingkatan sahih.

Read More

Berkaitan dengan hadits dalam literatur kitab hadits Ahlussunnah telah dipaparkan berbagai komentar para pembesar mazhab tersebut dalam berbagai tulisan sebelumnya.

Oleh karena itu tulisan kali ini dan beberapa seri berikutnya menjadi giliran sumber mazhab Syiah yang akan menyajikan kajian seputar topik Imam Mahdi As.

Mengingat hadits yang berkaitan dengan pembahasan Imam Mahdi memiliki cakupan yang sangat luas, maka pembahasannya akan dikelompokkan pada beberapa tema.

Hadits-hadits kali ini adalah berbagai riwayat yang bertemakan nasab serta garis keturunan Imam Mahdi As.

Di dalam sebuah riwayat dari Imam Muhammad al-Jawad, nasab dan keturunan beliau dinyatakan sebagai berikut:

“Dan di dalam hadits sahih dengan sembilan jalur dari Abi Hasyim al-Jafari, dari Abi Ja’far al-Tsani Muhammad Taqi al-Jawad As ia berkata: Amirul Mukminin datang bersama Hasan bin Ali (as) seraya bersandar di tangan Salman. Ia masuk ke dalam Masjidil Haram kemudian beliau duduk, seorang laki-laki tampan dan berpakaian rapi maju ke depan dan menyapa Amirul Mukminin. Imam menyambutnya. Setelah duduk ia berkata:

Wahai Amir al-Mu’minin, saya akan mengajukan tiga pertanyaan kepada Anda. Jika Anda menjawabnya……….lalu Amirul Mukminin menghadap kepada Imam Hasan dan berkata jawablah pertanyaannya……………

…….. Laki-laki itu lalu berkata (setelah mendapat jawaban dari Imam Hasan As): aku bersaksi bahwa tidak ada tuhan selain Allah dan aku senantiasa bersaksi akan hal itu. Aku bersaksi bahwa Muhammad adalah utusan Allah dan senantiasa bersaksi akan hal tersebut. Aku bersaksi bahwa engkau adalah Washi Rasul-Nya dan dengan hujjahnya engkau melaksanakan urusannya. Ia menunjuk Amirul Mukminin. Dan aku senantiasa bersaksi akan hal itu. Dan aku bersaksi bahwa engkau adalah wasinya dan dengan hujjah engkau melaksanakan urusannya. Ia menunjuk kepada al-Hasan As. Dan aku bersaksi bahwa Husain bin Ali adalah washi ayahmu (ayahnya) dan dengan hujjah melaksanakan urusannya…………. Dan aku bersaksi atas seorang laki-laki dari keturunan al-Hasan (al-Askari) bin Ali di mana sebelum kemunculannya (zuhur) di muka bumi, ia tidak boleh dipanggil dengan kuniah serta namanya. Kemudian ia akan memenuhinya dengan keadilan sebagaimana sebelumnya dipenuhi oleh kezaliman. Ia adalah pelanjut urusan al-Hasan (al-Askari) bin Ali.[1]

Riwayat ini dengan jelas menyebutkan semua nama para imam yang dua belas lengkap dengan garis keturunannya. Dan tidak ketinggalan dengan imam terakhir; Imam Mahdi yang disebutkan dengan seorang laki-laki dari keturunan al-Hasan.

Di dalam kitab kifayat al-Atsar juga ada riwayat yang menyebutkan tentang nasab dan nama ayah Imam Mahdi As:

“ al-Husain bin Ali menyampaikan hadits kepada kami, …. ……. Dari Hisyam, ia berkata: aku sedang bersama dengan al-Shadiq Ja’far bin Muhammad ketika Muawiyah bin Wahab dan Abdul Malik bin A’yun datang. Lalu Muawiyah bin Wahab berkata kepadanya: …..

…. Dan setelah itu adalah mengenal imam, yang karakter dan namanya diikuti baik dalam kesulitan maupun suka cita. Dan pengetahuan terendah seseorang terhadap imam adalah meyakini bahwa selain dalam hal kenabian, dia sama dengan Nabi dan merupakan ahli warisnya; Dan bahwa ketaatan kepadanya adalah ketaatan kepada Allah dan Rasul-Nya, dia tunduk kepadanya dalam segala hal, mengembalikan urusan kepadanya serta mendengarkan ucapannya.

Dan dia harus tahu bahwa setelah Rasulullah, Ali bin Abi Thalib (saw) adalah Imam, dan setelah dia Hasan, lalu Husein, lalu Ali bin Al-Hussein, lalu Muhammad ibn Ali, dan setelah dia aku, dan setelah saya Musa putra saya, dan setelah dia putranya Ali dan “Setelah dia, Muhammad putranya, setelah dia, Ali putranya, kemudian putranya Hasan dan kemudian al-Hujjah putra Hasan.[2]

Di dalam riwayat ini sebagaimana riwayat sebelumnya, Imam Ja’far al-Shadiq menyebutkan nama para imam begitu juga dengan garis keturunan mareka. Dan Imam Mahdi juga disebutkan sebagai keturunan Imam Hasan al-Askari.

Syaikh Shaduq di dalam kitab Man La Yahduruhu al-Faqih mencatat hadits berikut:

“Abdullah bin Jundab meriwayatkan dari Musa bin Ja’far As, bahwa beliau bersabda: engkau mengucapkan di dalam sujud syukur: Ya Allah aku bersaksi kepada-Mu, para malikat, nabi-nabi dan rasul-rasul-Mu serta seluruh makhluk-Mu bahwa engkau adalah Tuhanku, Islam agamaku, Muhammad nabiku, dan Ali, Hasan, Husain, Ali bin Husain, Muhammad bin Ali, Ja’far bin Muhammad, Musa bin Ja’far, Ali bin Musa, Muhammad bin Ali, Ali bin Muhammad, Hasan bin Ali dan al-Hujjah (Mahdi) bin al-Hasan bin Ali, adalah para imamku. Aku menjadikan mereka sebagai wali dan berlepas diri dari musuh-musuh mereka.[3]

Riwayat ini dan riwayat-riwayat sebelumnya, dengan sangat jelas menginformasikan identitas para imam yang berjumlah dua belas orang. Di samping itu, garis keturunan mereka juga dimuat dengan gamblang. Dan terakhir Imam Mahdi As juga disebutkan sebagai putra Imam Hasan al-Askari dari jalur Imam Husain As.


[1] Al-Majlisi Muhammad Taqi, Raudhat al-Muttaqien, hal: 601- 603, cet: Bunyad-e Farhangg-e Eslami Haj Muhammad Husain Kusyanpour.

[2] Qommi al-Razi, Ali bin Muhammad, Kifayat al-Atsar fi al-Nash Ala al-Aimmah al-Itsna Asyar, hal: 370- 373, cet: Negaresy, Qom, pertama, 1430 H.

[3] Syaikh Shaduq, Abu Ja’far Muhammad bin Ali, Man La Yahduruh al-Faqih, jil: 1, hal: 232-233, cet: Muassasah al-Al-’lami li al-Mathbuat, Beirut, pertama, 1406 H/ 1986 M.

Related posts

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

50 comments

  1. Fantastic beat ! I would like to apprentice while you amend your web site,
    how can i subscribe for a blog website? The account helped me a
    acceptable deal. I had been a little bit acquainted of this your broadcast provided
    bright clear idea

    my homepage;

  2. I’m impressed, I must say. Rarely do I come across a
    blog that’s equally educative and amusing, and without a doubt, you’ve hit the
    nail on the head. The problem is something which too few people
    are speaking intelligently about. I am very happy that I
    came across this during my hunt for something concerning
    this.

  3. Oh my goodness! Amazing article dude! Thanks, However I am experiencing difficulties with your RSS.
    I don’t understand the reason why I cannot subscribe to it.
    Is there anyone else getting identical RSS issues? Anyone who
    knows the answer can you kindly respond? Thanx!!

  4. you are in reality a excellent webmaster. The web site loading velocity is
    amazing. It sort of feels that you’re doing any distinctive trick.
    Furthermore, The contents are masterwork. you have performed a excellent
    activity on this topic!

  5. Do you mind if I quote a few of your posts as long as
    I provide credit and sources back to your webpage?
    My blog site is in the exact same area of interest as yours and
    my users would genuinely benefit from a lot of the information you present here.

    Please let me know if this alright with you. Regards!

  6. For hottest information you have to pay a visit the web and on internet I found this web page as
    a most excellent web site for hottest updates.

  7. Hey there are using WordPress for your site platform?

    I’m new to the blog world but I’m trying to get started and create my own. Do you require any html coding expertise to make your
    own blog? Any help would be really appreciated!

  8. Hey there! I’ve been reading your blog for a long time now and finally got the bravery to go ahead and give you a shout out from Humble Tx!
    Just wanted to tell you keep up the excellent job!

  9. I am really enjoying the theme/design of your website.

    Do you ever run into any internet browser compatibility problems?
    A small number of my blog readers have complained about my site
    not working correctly in Explorer but looks great in Chrome.
    Do you have any recommendations to help fix this problem?

  10. Hello there! Do you know if they make any plugins to safeguard against hackers?
    I’m kinda paranoid about losing everything I’ve worked hard on. Any
    tips?

  11. This paragraph is actually a fastidious one it helps new the web visitors,
    who are wishing in favor of blogging.

  12. My spouse and I stumbled over here coming from a different page and thought I might as well check
    things out. I like what I see so i am just following you.
    Look forward to exploring your web page repeatedly.

  13. Hello I am so delighted I found your weblog, I really found you by mistake, while I was
    searching on Digg for something else, Regardless I am here now and would just
    like to say thank you for a marvelous post and a all round enjoyable blog (I also love the theme/design), I don’t have
    time to browse it all at the moment but I have bookmarked it and also added
    in your RSS feeds, so when I have time I will be back
    to read a great deal more, Please do keep up the great b.

  14. Really when someone doesn’t know then its up to other viewers that they will assist, so here
    it occurs.

  15. I simply could not leave your site prior to suggesting that I really loved the usual info
    a person supply to your guests? Is going to be again frequently in order
    to check out new posts

  16. Do you have a spam issue on this website;
    I also am a blogger, and I was curious about your situation;
    many of us have created some nice methods and we are looking to exchange techniques with
    other folks, why not shoot me an e-mail if interested.

  17. This excellent website truly has all the info I wanted concerning this subject and didn’t know who to ask.

  18. Thanks for sharing your thoughts. I truly appreciate your efforts and I am waiting for your next post thank you
    once again.

  19. Hi! I could have sworn I’ve been to this blog before but
    after checking through some of the post I realized it’s new to me.
    Nonetheless, I’m definitely happy I found it and
    I’ll be bookmarking and checking back frequently!

  20. Despite the fact that both men and women have been engaging
    in anal sex since the ancient Greeks (and probably long before that), there remains, in many circles, a stigma attached to it.

    If you’re curious but still feel self-conscious about trying
    it with a partner, grab a buttplug or prostate massager and try working some
    anal self-love into your masturbation routine – and enjoy the fireworks.
    Kunst aan de kant Kunst van Herge, de Kunst van het sterven Kunstbordeel Kuroko’s Basketball
    Kurusan – De zwarte Samoerai Kustbewoners Kutbeesten Kwaad bloed Kwab Kwai Chang Caine Kwaïdan Kwame Brown Kwatta Kwik & Flupke (Quick & Flupke) Kwit
    Kwynk Kyle Weaver KyuYongEom La 27 lettre La Casa
    La chair nue s’articule la femme de e’ Ogre La Mondaine
    Laat mijn hand niet los Laatste Braedy, de Laatste der Mohikanen, de Laatste
    Draak, de Laatste engel, de Laatste fee van het land van Arvor, de Laatste grens, de Laatste halte, de Laatste herberg, de Laatste jungleboek, het Laatste Kathaar, de Laatste knusse zaal, de Laatste koningin, de Laatste mens,
    de Laatste profetie, de Laatste ritueel, het Laatste schaduw, de Laatste
    station, het Laatste Tempelier, de Laatste Trojaan, de Laatste van de Schoenfelds Laatste vlucht, de Laatste Wolf van Oz,
    de Labourdets, de Labyrinten (Mattotti) Labyrinten (Pendanx) Lach van de Clown Lachwerk Ladies First Lady Bound
    Lady Death Lady en de vagebond Lady Justice Lady Mechanika Lady Phantom Lady S Lady Spitfire Lady Whitechapel Lagune Laïyna Lake of
    Fire Lam Gods, het Lambada Reeks Lambiek Lambik Lamelos Lana Planck Lana
    Turner Lance Barton Lance Crow Dog Lancelot Lancelot – Inge Misschaert Lancelot (Marco Polo) Lancer
    Lanceval Land der reuzen Land of the Lustrous Land van de Vampiers Land van Glomen, het Land
    van Gorp met Geo & Ta, het Land van langvergeten, het Lanfeust Odyssey Lanfeust Queeste Lanfeust van de sterren Lanfeust van Troy Lange bloedige nacht, een Lange Jim Lange Stilte,
    de Lange Wapper Langs duistere wegen Langteen en Schommelbuik Laowai Lappie Knijn Lara Largo Winch Larry Bird Larry Yuma Lars Lars Fiske – diversen Lassie Last Last
    Gambler, the Last Gender Last God, the (De Laatste God) Last Kids on Earth, the Last lonely Saturday,
    the Last Man Last Starfighter, the LAT – diversen Latah
    Laura Dean Keeps breaking up with me Laura Janssens
    – collectie Laurel en Hardy Law of life Lawine Layla Laz Lazarus Le Miroir de Mowgli Le plaisir d’ecrire Le
    Tendre, diversen Lea Léa (Mougne) Léa Lapin Léa Olivier Leaf, the
    League of Extraordinary Gentlemen, the Learn Japanese with Manga Learn to Draw Exciting Anime & Manga Characters Leather Stocking Kronieken L’Echo des Savanes Lectrr – Collectie Leela Corman – diversen Lees-Trip Leeuw van Juda, de Leeuw van Vlaanderen, de Lefranc Legacy Legend – The Graphic Novel Legend of Korra, the Legend of
    Zelda, the Legendariërs, de Legendary Heroes Legende Legende der dorre
    gewesten, de Legende van de heilige drinker, de Legende van de Scharlaken wolken Legende van het Wisselkind,
    de Legenden van Korrigan, de Legenden van Troy
    Legends Legends of the DC universe Legers van de Veroveraar, de Legio Patria
    Nostra Legioen Legion of Monsters Legion of Super-Heroes Legionnaires Leids Peipie Lekkah Lekker dromen Lekker stuk,
    een Lemen Troon, de Lemuria Len Munnik – diversen Lena Lenore Leo
    de Budt Leo en Lea Leo Loden Leo Roa Leo Tolstoi Leo Tomasini Leonard
    Cohen Leonardo Leonid en Spoutnika Lepeloor van Hazenstijn Leren masker Les
    Dieux Les dossiers du cycliste Les Misérables Les Pin-Up L’Espion de l’emir Lesser Evils Lester Cockney Leugenbaron,
    de Leukebroeders Leuven in strips Leve de branding Leve de sport!

  21. Terrific post but I was wondering if you could write a litte more on this
    subject? I’d be very grateful if you could elaborate a little bit further.
    Thanks!

  22. Wonderful beat ! I would like to apprentice while you amend your site, how
    can i subscribe for a blog website? The account aided me a acceptable
    deal. I had been tiny bit acquainted of this your broadcast offered bright clear concept

  23. Everything is very open with a really clear explanation of the
    challenges. It was really informative. Your site is extremely helpful.
    Thank you for sharing!

  24. Excellent blog right here! Additionally your web site so much up
    very fast! What web host are you the usage of? Can I get your affiliate hyperlink
    to your host? I wish my web site loaded up as quickly as yours lol

  25. I was curious if you ever thought of changing the page layout of your site?
    Its very well written; I love what youve got to say. But maybe you could a little more in the way of
    content so people could connect with it better. Youve got an awful lot
    of text for only having 1 or two images. Maybe you could space it
    out better?

  26. I blog frequently and I genuinely appreciate your
    information. This article has really peaked my
    interest. I’m going to book mark your blog and keep checking for new details about once
    per week. I subscribed to your RSS feed as well.

  27. Hey I know this is off topic but I was wondering if you knew of
    any widgets I could add to my blog that automatically tweet my newest
    twitter updates. I’ve been looking for a plug-in like this for quite some time
    and was hoping maybe you would have some experience with something
    like this. Please let me know if you run into anything.
    I truly enjoy reading your blog and I look forward to your new updates.

  28. Hello to all, the contents existing at this website
    are in fact remarkable for people knowledge, well, keep up the
    nice work fellows.

  29. I am regular reader, how are you everybody? This paragraph posted at this web site is truly fastidious.

  30. Everything is very open with a clear clarification of the issues.

    It was really informative. Your website is very helpful.
    Thanks for sharing!

  31. It’s amazing in favor of me to have a web page, which
    is useful designed for my know-how. thanks admin

  32. Hi there, just became alert to your blog through Google, and found
    that it is really informative. I am going to watch out for brussels.
    I’ll be grateful if you continue this in future.
    Lots of people will be benefited from your writing.

    Cheers!

  33. Good day! Do you know if they make any plugins to assist with SEO?

    I’m trying to get my blog to rank for some targeted keywords but I’m not seeing very
    good gains. If you know of any please share. Cheers!

  34. I have been exploring for a little for any high quality articles or blog posts on this
    sort of house . Exploring in Yahoo I eventually stumbled upon this web site.
    Reading this information So i’m glad to exhibit that I
    have a very just right uncanny feeling I discovered
    just what I needed. I most indisputably will make sure to do not fail to remember this web site and give it a glance regularly.

  35. Hey! Do you use Twitter? I’d like to follow you if that would be okay.

    I’m undoubtedly enjoying your blog and look forward to new updates.

  36. constantly i used to read smaller articles or reviews which
    also clear their motive, and that is also happening with this piece of
    writing which I am reading at this time.

  37. Helpful info. Fortunate me I discovered your web site accidentally, and I am surprised why this twist of fate did not came about in advance!
    I bookmarked it.

  38. Its like you read my mind! You seem to understand so much about this, such as you wrote the
    e-book in it or something. I feel that you
    just could do with a few percent to force the message home a little bit, but other than that, that is
    great blog. A great read. I will definitely be
    back.

  39. Good day! I could have sworn I’ve visited this blog before but after browsing through many of the posts
    I realized it’s new to me. Anyways, I’m certainly happy
    I came across it and I’ll be bookmarking it and checking back frequently!

  40. Admiring the hard work you put into your website
    and in depth information you provide. It’s nice to come across a blog every once in a while that isn’t the same old rehashed material.
    Great read! I’ve saved your site and I’m including your RSS feeds to my Google account.

  41. Hey I know this is off topic but I was wondering if you knew of any widgets I could add facebook vs eharmony to find love online my
    blog that automatically tweet my newest twitter updates.

    I’ve been looking for a plug-in like this for quite some time and was hoping maybe you would have some experience with something like this.
    Please let me know if you run into anything. I truly enjoy reading your blog and I look forward to
    your new updates.